Food. Breakfast, brunch, lunch, dinner, dessert, and snacks. We love to eat, and as writers, we need to know how to describe food so our readers can enjoy the meal we serve them through the written word.
Describe a meal in as much detail as possible using the five senses. Whether it’s coffee and toast or a three-course meal, give the reader a true sense of being there and experiencing the meal with you.
You can also describe the room’s location, temperature, weather outside, or whatever helps convey the meal to the reader.
Have some fun with it and…
Describe in detail all your meals during the day.
Describe all your lunches for a week.
Go out to eat at a new place and describe the meal you get there.
Go to a familiar restaurant, order something new, and write about it.
Happy Writing and Eating, and I’ll see you next time!
It’s October again, which means Halloween will be top of mind for millions over the next several weeks. One of the primary aspects of the holiday – other than candy – is dressing up in costume. And that’s where our writing exercise focuses today.
An Autobiographical Sketch
Pick a costume from your past or your child’s past. It’s even better if you have a photo of the costume available to use as a reference. Write a paragraph detailing why this costume was chosen, what you liked about it, and what the reception was from those who saw you in it. Be descriptive as possible. Make the reader feel like they are experiencing this Halloween costume and all its emotional connections with you as they read.
This can be either in the past or present tense.
Once you’ve done that, it’s time to do some detail digging. We know from the initial paragraph how you chose the costume, but did you go into detail using the five senses?
Write a paragraph about how the costume felt, sounded when you walked, smelled – if it was store-bought, it might have had a plasticky smell from the bag it came in – and if you wore face paint or makeup, what that tasted like.
Drawing a picture with words is a great way to practice showing and not telling in your writing.
A Matter of Perspective
Finally, write a paragraph from your first-person perspective about your experience wearing the costume to school, work, or a party. How did you feel? How did others react? How did the environment change how you acted while in your costume?
If it was your kid’s costume or someone else’s, write from the third-person perspective about your initial reactions to seeing the costume and how the person acted within their environment.
But What If I…
If you don’t celebrate Halloween or dress up, no worries. You can do the same exercises, but imagine yourself in a costume you find and write a fictional account of your experiences.
Using details, showing and not telling, and using different POVs to tell a story, you can find new ways to engage your readers and give them fresh perspectives on familiar things.
Writing dialogue. In fiction, it can be challenging to make characters sound human and, simultaneously, make sure what’s said moves the story or a character’s development forward. How people speak, what they say, and how they say it gives a writer ample opportunity for creativity. But how do you make sure your characters sound like people?
One way to familiarize yourself with creating natural-sounding dialogue is to listen to people in conversations. For this exercise, I’m asking you to eavesdrop on the people around you.
Go to a public place and observe two people or a group having a conversation. Transcribe the conversation as much as possible, making sure to keep what’s being said as pure as possible. Jot down what you can. You’ll notice how people speak in sentence fragments, pauses, and subtext.
Suppose you don’t feel comfortable doing this in public. In that case, you can use a conversation at work or between your kids or other relatives. Just remember that you are observing the conversation, not participating.
Don’t do it for too long, just enough to get something useful for part two.
**NOTE: Do not record the conversation. Many states have laws against recording others without their permission. Just to be safe, take notes. **
Write a short story using the dialogue as a launching pad for creating the characters and the situation. The conversation doesn’t have to be where you heard it; you can have the couple in the coffee shop be astronauts on Mars. But stick with the dialogue you transcribed as close as possible.
Now, using that dialogue, continue the conversation. Where do things go next? Can you use what you heard and keep that tone and feeling with made-up dialogue?
Once you finish the short story, have a trusted friend or loved one read it. Can they tell where the real conversation ends, and your made-up dialogue begins? This is a good test to see if you are on the right track to creating realistic dialogue.
While it can be a challenge, creating natural-sounding dialogue will help keep readers engaged with the story. Often when we write dialogue, we are in a room alone, speaking to ourselves or in our head. By observing and listening to real people interact, we can further our communication skills between our characters on the page.
While you probably wrote your novel by yourself, you probably had several people assist you along the way. If the book gets published – either through self-publishing or a mainstream publisher – there are even more people who become a part of the process.
It’s important to be gracious and thank those who helped take your novel from Word document to published media. An Acknowledgements page at the beginning or end of your book is a great way to give these unsung heroes the credit they deserve.
The last thing you want to do is be like Herman Munster:
Let’s talk about how to create an Acknowledgements page.
Should You Have One?
If you did everything 100% yourself, you don’t need one. However, if you really think hard about it, you can probably think of at least three people who helped you along the way that made your book a reality.
If that’s the case, you should write one. Now, it doesn’t have to be very long. But giving credit where credit is due is always a nice gesture. Especially if you want help on future writing projects.
Who to Thank
As you brainstorm who should be in your acknowledgments, think if these possible people:
• Family and friends who offered support
• Anyone who read your manuscript and gave you feedback
• Your editor
• Your cover designer
• Your author photo photographer
• Your publisher
• Your agent
• Anyone who assisted with research for the book
• Any people who inspired you to write the book
If you had direct contact with them during the process, I would consider thanking them. If you want to go the extra mile and find out who the typesetter was for the book and thank them, go for it.
Make sure to briefly mention what they did for you on the project, too.
Do I Need Their Permission?
If they are a public person with a business that helped you out – like a cover artist or editor – let them know you plan to put them in the Acknowledgements. Make sure it’s okay with them. If it is, ask if you can put their website or other social media contact info after their name.
For friends or family, I would ask permission, too. Some people may ask you to just use their first name, and others may appreciate the thought but ask for their name to be left out.
Either way, respect their wishes.
If this is a good team, keep them happy for future projects.
Skim through the books on your shelf, at a bookstore, or at the library. See how different authors present their Acknowledgements Page. Here’s mine for my second novel, Midnight House:
Midnight House would not be where it is today without the assistance of my editor, Kathleen Brebes. Her notes and comments were a valuable resource that helped me polish and fine-tune the novel and its story over the past year.
Thank you, Kathleen!
I’d also like to give a huge thank you to my good friend and feedback partner, Kevin Klein. Kevin enjoyed my first novel, The Field, and I was excited to share the second novel in the series with him. His feedback and opinions helped make Midnight House an even stronger Young Adult novel.
Thank you, Kevin!
To my cover artist, Steven Novak, who once again took my ideas and brought them to life in another fantastic cover. Thank you, Steven, for your help and excellent work! Check out his work at http://www.novakillustration.com/
And to everyone else who asked how the second book was coming along, kept up the encouragement, and dealt with me disappearing to write and edit, thank you for all your support.
And thank you to everyone for reading Midnight House!
Everyone appreciates being acknowledged for the work they did. Whether your team members played a major or a minor role, taking the time to thank them in print is a great way to support and appreciate those who helped make your dream a reality.
I’m an avid reader. I love to read a variety of books. Fiction and non-fiction. Long books and short. Sometimes it can take a few chapters for me to get into a book, but usually, once things get moving, I’m in for the duration.
But sometimes, I hit a wall. For some reason, there are books that I can’t get into, and I can’t stay focused and can’t stick with the book. I have tried to read a handful of books more than once and still have trouble getting into them.
One this year was Gone with the Wind. I kept falling asleep while reading, which was never a good sign, and I had to give up.
Another was written by one of my favorite authors. I’ve started it about four times and can’t get past the first 50 pages without reaching for another book.
Okay, I’ll tell you what it is. It’s Stephen King’s The Stand. I’ve read dozens of King’s books, but I just can’t get into this one. Has anyone else had this problem? It is about as long, and I had no issues diving into that one.
So, why does this happen? I can’t be the only reader this has happened to. It’s weird when a book is no longer being read for enjoyment; it’s now an assignment.
Is it worth the multiple attempts to reread a book with thousands of books to read, or is it truly a fool’s errand?
Have any of you encountered this problem?
Have you had trouble getting into a book from an author you love?
Have you fought through the wall and finished the book, or given up and moved on to another book?
You’ve done it. You’ve reached the publishing phase of your novel writing journey. Your story is locked in, ready to go, and you are excited to see your creation in print. But there’s one thing you may have put off or forgotten about: your author bio.
This can be a daunting task to some, especially first-time authors. While you don’t want to write an A&E Biography about yourself, you want to consider some of the following points.
Let’s talk about them!
Keep It Simple
A few short paragraphs is all you need to include at the back of the book about who you are. You want to make sure you present yourself in a positive light and ensure the primary focus of the paragraph is you as a writer.
Use Third Person
Author bios are generally written in the third-person POV. Yes, it may seem weird to talk about yourself like you’re someone else, but it seems to be the standard form.
Include Relevant Information
Any previous writing you’ve done, if you have a blog, if you have a degree in English, or if this is your first novel are all good points to add to your bio. If you’re novel is about a mountain climber, and you have years of mountain climbing experience, include that too.
If you wish, you can use the last sentence to discuss your personal life, but keep it short and straightforward.
The last thing you want to do is make up insane lies about who you are in your bio. Why? Let’s say you self-published the book and put in your bio that you worked at NASA, were an advisor to President Obama, and saved a bus full of nuns from going over a cliff.
Your book becomes a success, and you are suddenly on Good Morning America. Do they want to talk about the book? Nope. They want to talk about your time at NASA. Or working for Obama. Or saving the nuns. Now you must lie on national TV in front of millions who have access to the internet, know Obama’s White House staff, or work for NASA.
You have just become a liar on national TV and damaged your credibility.
Pretty much every book has an author bio at that back – oddly, so do some autobiographies – so there are hundreds of examples to look at and use as a reference. If this is your first novel, I recommend finding the bios in other authors’ first novels and seeing what they included.
Here’s my author bio from my first novel, The Field:
Ian Dawson is a playwright, screenwriter, and now novelist based in Southern California. He has a BA in Dramatic Art from UC Davis and a Masters in Screenwriting from Cal State Northridge.
After working on it for 15 years, Ian finally completed his first novel, The Field, which he is excited and proud to present to readers all around the world.
Ian loves to read, write, hang out with friends, travel, cook, and try new things. He also loves writing comedy and making others laugh.
Your novel is most readers’ first intro into your creative mind. Your author bio should let them know who you are as a writer and give them some insight into your life. By keeping it brief and honest, you can ensure that you have created an author bio that is informative and relevant.
We do a lot of things every day. Some we want to do, others not so much. Whatever the activity, there is potential for things to not go as we planned.
Think about an activity you do that has the potential for things to spiral out of control. This could be driving to work, dealing with customers, picking up your kids from school, etc. We do plenty of things every day on auto-pilot, so these activities are a good place to start.
Picked an activity? Great. Now, write a list of every possible situation or scenario that could go wrong while doing this particular task. It can be a minor inconvenience or one that’s exponentially catastrophic. No matter what it is, write it down.
If you have had bad experiences in that situation that you can utilize, that’s even better.
Once you have a reasonably long list, pick out the ones that could be placed in order of escalation from minor to major. Now you have a rough outline to work with.
Create a short story using the scenario and these escalating elements. It can be comedic, it can be tragic, and it can be hyper-realistic. Whatever tone you want to use, take advantage of your list of bad things that could happen and have fun with it. If you come up with new things that can go wrong as you write, feel free to add them!
So, I drive on the 405 in L.A. every day to work. There is potential for many things to go wrong in this location. If I chose this as my activity – Driving to Work on the 405 – I could come up with some things that could go wrong based on my own real-life experiences:
Car breaks down in traffic during heatwave
Car’s transmission dies in traffic
Hay truck on fire shuts down freeway
President Obama leaves LAX, freeway closes
Multiple lanes closed during afternoon for cleaning
Car accident – three cars or more
Multiple cars on fire
Plane does emergency landing on freeway
Big rig tips over
Rock smashes windshield
Next, I would take the list and figure out a way to incorporate as many as possible into a short story.
When we get stuck as writers, it’s important to brainstorm many ideas to help our characters get into or out of challenging situations. This can help keep your writing interesting and keep your reader engaged and interested.
Last time, we discussed ways to create a pitch to sell your story to others. In this post, I want to show some examples of blurbs from different novels and genres. I grabbed these directly from each author’s website, and links are provided at the end of this post.
As you read through the ones I selected, ask yourself if each blurb covers the basics of the story? Do the story points included in the blurb hook you as a reader? Do they make you want to read the book? Why or why not? Do the blurbs capture the tone or genre of the novel effectively?
The Hate U Give by Angie Thomas
Sixteen-year-old Starr Carter moves between two worlds: the poor neighborhood where she lives and the fancy suburban prep school she attends. The uneasy balance between these worlds is shattered when Starr witnesses the fatal shooting of her childhood best friend Khalil at the hands of a police officer. Khalil was unarmed.
Soon afterward, his death is a national headline. Some are calling him a thug, maybe even a drug dealer and a gangbanger. Protesters are taking to the streets in Khalil’s name. Some cops and the local drug lord try to intimidate Starr and her family. What everyone wants to know is: what really went down that night? And the only person alive who can answer that is Starr.
But what Starr does—or does not—say could upend her community. It could also endanger her life.
On the Come Up by Angie Thomas
Sixteen-year-old Bri wants to be one of the greatest rappers of all time. Or at least win her first battle. As the daughter of an underground hip hop legend who died right before he hit big, Bri’s got massive shoes to fill. But it’s hard to get your come up when you’re labeled a hoodlum at school, and your fridge at home is empty after your mom loses her job. So Bri pours her anger and frustration into her first song, which goes viral…for all the wrong reasons.
Bri soon finds herself at the center of a controversy, portrayed by the media as more menace than MC. But with an eviction notice staring her family down, Bri doesn’t just want to make it—she has to. Even if it means becoming the very thing the public has made her out to be.
The Stand by Stephen King
One man escapes from a biological weapon facility after an accident, carrying with him the deadly virus known as Captain Tripps, a rapidly mutating flu that – in the ensuing weeks – wipes out most of the world’s population. In the aftermath, survivors choose between following an elderly black woman to Boulder or the dark man, Randall Flagg, who has set up his command post in Las Vegas. The two factions prepare for a confrontation between the forces of good and evil.
It by Stephen King
A promise made twenty-eight years ago calls seven adults to reunite in Derry, Maine, where as teenagers they battled an evil creature that preyed on the city’s children. Unsure that their Losers Club had vanquished the creature all those years ago, the seven had vowed to return to Derry if IT should ever reappear. Now, children are being murdered again and their repressed memories of that summer return as they prepare to do battle with the monster lurking in Derry’s sewers once more.
A Game of Thrones: A Song of Ice and Fire by George R.R. Martin
Long ago, in a time forgotten, a preternatural event threw the seasons out of balance. In a land where summers can last decades and winters a lifetime, trouble is brewing. The cold is returning, and in the frozen wastes to the north of Winterfell, sinister and supernatural forces are massing beyond the kingdom’s protective Wall. At the center of the conflict lie the Starks of Winterfell, a family as harsh and unyielding as the land they were born to. Sweeping from a land of brutal cold to a distant summertime kingdom of epicurean plenty, here is a tale of lords and ladies, soldiers and sorcerers, assassins and bastards, who come together in a time of grim omens.
Here an enigmatic band of warriors bear swords of no human metal; a tribe of fierce wildlings carry men off into madness; a cruel young dragon prince barters his sister to win back his throne; and a determined woman undertakes the most treacherous of journeys. Amid plots and counterplots, tragedy and betrayal, victory and terror, the fate of the Starks, their allies, and their enemies hangs perilously in the balance, as each endeavors to win that deadliest of conflicts: the game of thrones.
Simon vs. the Homo Sapiens Agenda by Becky Albertalli
Sixteen-year-old and not-so-openly gay Simon Spier prefers to save his drama for the school musical. But when an email falls into the wrong hands, his secret is at risk of being thrust into the spotlight. Now change-averse Simon has to find a way to step out of his comfort zone before he’s pushed out—without alienating his friends, compromising himself, or fumbling a shot at happiness with the most confusing, adorable guy he’s never met.
Now that you’ve read through the ones I picked, I urge you to explore the official websites of your favorite authors and see how their books are described on their sites. By reading examples in your genre and from authors you enjoy, you can further your knowledge of how to effectively write a blurb or pitch for your own story.
When we’ve written something we’re proud of, we often want to share it with others. When we ask someone to read out work, the typical response is: “What’s it about?” This is usually where we fall into two categories.
The first is the deer in the headlights look, followed by basic descriptors (“It’s a thriller, and it’s got ghosts.”). The second is we overexplain to the point that we see the other person’s eyes glaze over.
Neither is the best approach to getting someone to read our work. That being said, it’s best to have what would be known in Hollywood as an “Elevator Pitch” prepared for your story. Having this stored in your memory is a great way to concisely tell others about your story to hook them and garner interest.
Let’s talk about it!
What is an Elevator Pitch?
As the name implies, the Elevator Pitch is a 60-second sales pitch for your story. It should entice and interest the listener to the point that they want to know more. Think of this as a commercial for your novel or script. How do you effectively hook someone into buying your product?
We’ve all seen thousands of TV commercials, YouTube ads, movie trailers, and commercials for TV shows. Some get us excited; many others don’t. The trick is to be in the first category, driving interest toward your project.
But how do you do it effectively?
Begin at the Basics
Can you write down the main plot of your story in one sentence? Does the sentence present the main character, their opposition, and the primary conflict?
This should be your first task when coming up with a pitch for your story and can also help you later when you have to write a blurb for the back of the book. You want to get people to buy the book, giving them just enough information to feel compelled to purchase and read more.
What are two or three key moments in the story? Do they move the main character in a new direction? Look at your inciting incident (the moment the main character starts on their journey), the first major plot point, and the story’s mid-point. These should be major events that drive the story and the character forward, and they are points you can add to your pitch.
Since we want to keep them interested, don’t mention or imply how the story ends; just give them a taste of what the story is about and what happens.
Now you have one sentence with the basics of the story and some key story points outlined.
It’s also important when working on a pitch to keep your genre in mind. Is your novel or screenplay a comedy? Is it horror? Is it a thriller? A mystery?
As you begin to craft your pitch, make sure the tone matches the genre of your work. If you tell someone about your thriller and they start laughing, that’s a problem. If you pitch a comedic story and they sit there stone-faced, that’s a problem, too.
I recommend looking at blurbs on the back of books in your genre to see how they set the tone. Are there ones that work better and hook you more? Those are the ones you want to emulate tone-wise.
Drafting, Drafting, Drafting
When you first start to draft, overwrite the paragraph to your heart’s content. It’s okay.
Then, go through the paragraph again and trim it down. A word here and a sentence there. You want to fine-tune the pitch to cover the story’s basics in a way that makes someone want to know more.
This can be a challenging process but take your time. I recommend reading the paragraph to a few people to get their feedback. Does it make them want to know more? Is it too vague? Too wordy? Are there any points where they lose interest?
This pitch is your calling card for your work, so make sure to take the time to make this the best sales pitch you can.
Final Thoughts: Not Just Hollywood
While this concept may have originated in Hollywood, this is a great format to practice if someone finds out you’re a writer and asks what you’re working on. It’s also good if a friend or relative asks what your book’s about or any other situation where you have the opportunity to tell someone about your book.
These less-formal situations will also help you gauge interest based on your pitch. If someone doesn’t seem interested, you can ask them why (don’t get upset or offended). Especially if it’s your first attempt at pitching, you want to get feedback so you can get better in the future.
Be proud of what you’ve written or what you’re working on. Sell it to the masses! Pitch that story!
Happy Drafting, and I’ll see you next time!
If you want to learn more bout Elevator Pitches, I highly recommend the following book: